The uncertain future of climate change
The uncertain future of climate change

Floods, fires, droughts, extreme heat, are some of the phenomena that occur in every corner of the world as part of the climate change that the Earth suffers today.

Nowadays, climate change is no longer a problem of future generations, as it is something of the present, and according to predictions, by 2050 some cities will have disappeared.

Europe and extreme heat

Heat waves in Central Europe have broken records, and according to scientists, the least prepared regions are the most exposed to the effects of scorching temperatures.

According to Kai Kornhuber, climate scientist at Columbia University’s Lamon-Doherty Earth Observatory, climate change is especially affecting the old continent, and its intensity is set to increase in the coming years.

According to global demographic data, 74% of the Spanish territory is at risk of desertification, with some regions in the southeast being at very high risk, and may imply economic, social and commercial consequences.

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In Sicily, Italy, the record heat has been up to 48.8ºC while many other countries have experienced heat above 40ºC.

Ecosystems and the climate crisis

In 2021, more than 5 tons of dead fish were removed from the Mar Menor, and in 2023, 16 tons were culled in the Sau Reservoir, Spain.

The reality of the biodiversity climate crisis is that there is no viable pathway to limit global warming to 1.5ºC without urgently protecting and restoring nature.

The United Nations Environment Program explains that biodiversity loss is already having a major impact on regional and global climate change.

Places at risk

Areas such as Afghanistan, Papua Guinea and Central America are most at risk of experiencing heatwave damage, according to scientists.

China and Central Europe are also susceptible because their large populations mean that a relatively large number of individuals are at risk.

Germany, Belgium and Netherlands are also relatively unprepared to cope with a record heat wave.

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A paper published in Nature Climate Change in 2021, confirmed that more than a third of all heat-related deaths worldwide between 1991 and 2018 could be attributed to global warming.

But is there still hope that global warming could go away? One thing that is known is that humans have caused all of this, and we have the responsibility and the obligation to help change, and that is now, not tomorrow.